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Professionals - NC CTP Evidence-Based Treatments

CPP (Child-Parent Psychotherapy)

  • Children birth to 5 years
  • Treatment duration is 6-12 months
  • Trauma-focused
  • Dyadic attachment-based treatment for young children exposed to interpersonal violence
  • Uses relationship between the parent and the child to heal effects of the trauma
  • Focus on safety, affect regulation, improving the child-caregiver relationship, normalization of trauma-related response, joint construction of a trauma narrative, with the goal of returning the child to a normal developmental trajectory
  • The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare gives CPP an evidence research supported scientific rating of 2, or well-supported, and relevance level of High
  • For more information, go to: http://www.cebc4cw.org/program/child-parent-psychotherapy/ or https://www.facebook.com/ChildParentPsychotherapy

PCIT (Parent-Child Interaction Therapy)

  • Children ages 2-6 years
  • Time varies, average of 20 sessions
  • Trauma-focused
  • Provides highly specific, step-by-step, live coached sessions with both the parent / caregiver and the child
  • Parents coached in specific skills as they interact in specific play with the child
  • Emphasis is on changing negative parent / caregiver-child patterns, improving the quality of the parent-child relationship, decreasing child behavior problems while increasing prosocial behaviors, increasing parenting skills, including positive discipline, and decreasing parenting stress
  • The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare gives PCIT an evidence research supported scientific rating of 1, or well-supported, and relevance level of Medium
  • For more information, go to: http://www.pcit.org

TF-CBT (Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)

  • Children ages 3-21 years
  • 12-25 sessions; 60-90 minutes / session
  • Trauma-focused
  • Components-based model made up of the following: psychoeducation and parenting skills, relaxation, affective expression and regulation, cognitive coping, trauma narrative, in vivo gradual exposure, conjoint parent / child session, and safety and future development
  • The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare gives TF-CBT an evidence research supported scientific rating of 1, or well-supported, and relevance level of High
  • For more information, go to: http://www.cebc4cw.org/program/trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy or https://tfcbt.org/

SPARCS (Structured Psychotherapy for Adolescents Responding to Chronic Stress)

  • Adolescents ages 12-18 years
  • 16 group sessions; 60 minutes / session
  • Trauma-focused
  • Designed to address the needs of chronically traumatized adolescents who may still be living with ongoing stress and are experiencing problems in several areas of functioning
  • These areas include difficulties with affect regulation and impulsivity, self-perception, relationships, somatization, dissociation, numbing, and avoidance
  • Goals are to help teens cope more effectively in the moment, enhance self-efficacy, connect with others and establish supportive relationships, cultivate awareness, and create meaning
  • Can be facilitated in outpatient / inpatient settings and in schools
  • For more information, go to: http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/promising_practices/SPARCS_fact_sheet_3-21-07.pdf